The Indian tricolour has three horizontal bands of equal width. Saffron is on the top panel followed by white and green. The middle band has the Ashok Chakra in navy blue. There are 24 spokes on the chakra which are equally spaced. In its current design, the flag was officially adopted on 22 July 1947 by the Constituent Assembly. It is based on the Swaraj Flag which designed by Pingali Venkayya as the flag of the Indian National Congress.

On 29 May 1953, the tricolour was hoisted on Mount Everest, the highest mountain peak. On 22 August 1907, Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama hoisted the flag in Stuttgart in Germany. She was the first Indian to hoist the flag in a foreign land. In 1984, when Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma went to space, the tricolour was attached as a medallion on his space suit and thus the tricolour went to space.