The term tricolour as used in India refers to the Indian National Flag. The current National flag of India is based on the Swaraj Flag designed by Pingali Venkayya for the Indian National Congress. The Flag Code of India has described the National Flag with its three colours and the Ashok Chakra. According to the code, saffron was the colour of the top panel, next came the white panel followed by the green panel. The white panel have the navy blue Ashok Chakra with 24 spokes. In the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, this form became the official flag of the Dominion of India and later for the Republic of India. The three colours in the flag symbolise specific values and principles. Saffron stands for courage and sacrifice while white represents truth and peace and green stands for prosperity. The Ashok Chakra symbolises righteousness as well as progress.
Khadi or hand spun cotton or silk is the material for making the National Flag. The Bureau of Indian Standards has laid out the specification for the flag including its manufacturing. The flag can be made only by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission. The Commission further allocates the responsibility to a regional group. The Karnataka Khadi Gramudyog Samyukta Sangha had the responsibility to manufacture the flag as of 2009.
The Flag Code of India along with the laws regarding national emblems is the final word for the usage of the flag. The code has also laid down protocol for flying or using the flag along with other national and non national flags. Originally, the flag could be hoisted or displayed by the private citizens only on National days like Independence Day and republic Day. On other days the private citizens could not use the flag. An appeal in Supreme Court by Navin Jindal in 2002 changed this rule. Following Supreme Court’s judgement, the Indian government amended the use of flag by the citizens. Again in 2005, the code was amended to include additional use of the flag including adapting it in some form on clothing.